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Blue wildebeest tend to be a dark grey colour with stripes, but may have a bluish sheen. The reedbuck is 60 up to 90 cm. The common warthog is a medium-sized species, with a head-and-body length ranging from 0.9 to 1.5 m (3.0 to 4.9 ft), and shoulder height from 63.5 to 85 cm (25.0 to 33.5 in). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different seasons and gender on the physical and chemical composition of black wildebeest (Connochaetus gnou) meat. They can also spread ticks, lungworms, tapeworms, flies, and paramphistome flukes. Email: [30] The milk of the female black wildebeest contains a higher protein, lower fat, and lower lactose content than the milk of the blue wildebeest. [35], Wildebeest provide several useful animal products. Black wildebeests can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). a newborn typically weighs 13.6 kg (30 lb), and growth in weight is faster in males than in females. The males use grunts and distinctive behaviour to entice females into their territories. Our bouncing Czech Michaela is hunting by day and night. Males are slightly larger and noticeably heavier than females. Reedbuck is a common name for African antelopes from the genus Redunca. Wild individuals can be competitors of commercial livestock, and can transmit diseases and cause epidemics among animals, particularly domestic cattle. Decreases in the number of migrating wildebeest have also had a negative effect on the vultures. Most adult wildebeest have a deep silvery grey or brownish coat with manes consisting of long, jet black fur. Females and young form groups of about 10 individuals or join together in larger aggregations, and nonterritorial males form bachelor groups. The tail can range from 30 to 60 cm (12 to 24 in). A characteristic of the blesbok is the prominent white blaze on the face and a horizontal brown strip which divides this blaze above the eyes. In favourable conditions, they may be as close as 9 m (30 ft), or they may be as far apart as 1,600 m (5,200 ft) in poor habitat. A pair of hammerkopp birds can be seen in the foreground. In males, blue wildebeest stand 150 cm tall at the shoulder and weigh around 250 kg, while the black wildebeest stands 111 to 120 cm tall[29] and weighs about 180 kg. [40] Population density ranges from 0.15/km2. The black wild… Young blue wildebeest are born tawny brown, and begin to take on their adult colouration at the age of two months. [21] In some areas, the blue wildebeest migrates over long distances in the winter, whereas the black wildebeest does not. Black Wildebeest has been almost totally eradicated throughout Africa, as it was perceived as a pest. They are very fast, agile, and powerful. Wildebeest have developed additional sophisticated cooperative behaviours, such as animals taking turns sleeping while others stand guard against a night attack by invading predators. Adult bucks are 140–160 cm (55–63 in) long, 85–95 cm (33–37 in) in shoulder height, and typically 60–100 kg (130–220 lb) in weight; does are 130–150 cm (51–59 in) long, 75–85 cm (30–33 in) in shoulder height, and 30–50 kg (66–110 lb) in weight. Eland Cow/ Bull 2. Body colour is brown with a lighter-coloured saddle on the back, and the rump an even lighter shade. The average weight of a male is about 150 kg, and female is 120 kg. [28] It is a notable feature of the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, the Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya and the Liuwa Plain National Park in Zambia. The spots extend down the legs and get smaller. Blue wildebeest are mainly found in short grass plains bordering bush-covered acacia savannas, thriving in areas that are neither too wet nor too dry. From the hindquarters you can leave the inside fillets whole. [15], In the early 20th century, one species of the wildebeest, C. albojubatus, was identified in eastern Africa. ), the hirola (Beatragus hunteri), and species in the genus Damaliscus, such as the topi, the tsessebe, the blesbok and the bontebok. They also provide important products, such as leather, to humans. They have a gray coat and a black mane as well as a beard that can be black or white. Physically, rams and ewes are remarkably similar. The vultures consume about 70% of the wildebeest carcasses available. [23] Chromosomes were studied in a male and a female wildebeest. Louw C. Hoffman, Sunet van Schalkwyk, Nina Muller, Effect of Season and Gender on the Physical and Chemical Composition of Black Wildebeest ( Connochaetus gnou ) Meat , South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 10.3957/056.039.0208, 39, 2, (170-174), (2009). [50] This female-dominated sex ratio may be due to illegal hunting and human disturbance, with higher male mortality having been attributed to hunting. [12], The wildebeest, genus Connochaetes, is placed under the family Bovidae and subfamily Alcelaphinae, where its closest relatives are the hartebeest (Alcelaphus spp. [51], Wildebeest can also listen in on the alarm calls of other species, and by doing so, can reduce their risk of predation. [39], In the Maasai Mara game reserve, a non-migratory population of blue wildebeest had dwindled from about 119,000 animals in 1977 to about 22,000 in 1997. Contact Us. Embryological evidence, however, shows that the animal's background color is black and the white stripes and bellies are additions. These guys are tough, so always use heavy-for-caliber premium bullets. Wildebeest Trophy Fees. The adults' hues range from a deep slate or bluish gray to light gray or even grayish brown. [20] The earliest fossils of the black wildebeest were found in sedimentary rock in Cornelia in the Orange Free State and dated back about 800,000 years. [28] The most striking morphological differences between the black and blue wildebeest are the orientation and curvature of their horns and the colour of their coats. Name Blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi)Appearance. In her day sights is a black wildebeest, one of Africa's most important prey animals. Male black wildebeest have been reported to mate with female blue wildebeest and vice versa. Twenty-six black wildebeest were harvested at Maria Moroka Nature Reserve, in the Free State Province, South Africa, during winter, spring and autumn. USA: 1-469-559-2669 The wildebeest is the mascot of the GNU Project[61] and GNU operating system. [37] It is no longer found in Malawi but has been successfully reintroduced into Namibia. A. m. angolensis males stand 84 cm (33 in) tall at the shoulder, while females are 81 cm (32 in) tall. ... meat. The South African giraffe (G. c. giraffa) is found in northern South Africa, southern Botswana, southern Zimbabwe, and south-western Mozambique. The black wildebeest is characterised by its white, long, horse-like tail. The black wildebeest has brown-coloured hair, with a mane that ranges in colour from cream to black, and a cream-coloured tail. The black wildebeest muscles were categorised as either Normal (pH < 6.06) or High pH (DFD) (pH ≥ 6.06). The silky, flowing tail of the black wildebeest is used to make fly-whisks or chowries. Over the years, the South African authorities have issued several stamps displaying the animal and the South African Mint has struck a two cent piece with a prancing black wildebeest.[60]. It also has a dark brown to black coat and long, dark-coloured hair between its forelegs and under its belly. [21][22], The diploid number of chromosomes in the wildebeest is 58. In your experience, what is tha average dressed carcas weight (skinned, head and hooves off, intestines out) for the following animals: 1. Wildebeest often graze in mixed herds with zebra, which gives heightened awareness of potential predators. Mean body and carcass weight did not differ (P > 0.05) between either seasons or genders. The black wildebeest is typically between 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the average weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). The black wildebeest is native to the southernmost parts of the continent. Due to their resemblance to wild cattle, these people called them "wild ox" or "wildebeest". The blue wildebeest remained in its original range and changed very little from the ancestral species, while the black wildebeest changed more as adaptation to its open grassland habitat in the south. Mean body and carcass weight did not differ (P > 0.05) between either seasons or genders. Blue Wildebeest: Male. [28] This usually occurs between May and July, and birthing usually takes place between January and March, at the start of the wet season. [59] Wildebeest, however, can also have a negative impact on humans. Fossil records suggest these two species diverged about one million years ago, resulting in a northern and a southern species. Wildebeest are a tourist attraction but compete with domesticated livestock for pasture and are sometimes blamed by farmers for transferring diseases and parasites to their cattle. It lives in flocks, which usually counts 10-60 individuals. Overall length 65 inches to 90 inches. [citation needed] However, the numbers of one of the subspecies, the eastern white-bearded wildebeest (C. t. albojubatus) have seen a steep decline. Sexually dimorphic, females are hornless and smaller than males. They typically stand 80 to 100 cm (31 to 39 in) high at the shoulder and measure 120 to 210 cm (47 to 83 in) along the head and body. When the rainy season begins again (months later), animals quickly move back to their wet-season ranges. [16], Wildebeest benefit the ecosystem by increasing soil fertility with their excreta. This dried game meat is a delicacy and an important food item in Africa. As a result, during the rainy season, wildebeest select grazing areas that contain particularly high phosphorus levels. The bontebok is a chocolate brown colour, with a white underside and a white stripe from the forehead to the tip of the nose, although there is a brown stripe across the white near the eyes in most blesbok. The wildebeest, genus Connochaetes, is placed under the family Bovidae and subfamily Alcelaphinae, where its closest relatives are the hartebeest (Alcelaphus spp. A large and distinctive antelope, the black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) is the southernmost species of its genus.Its northern relative, the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), is well known for its spectacular migrations, but the remaining black wildebeest populations no longer migrate.The black wildebeest is a dark brown- to black-bodied antelope with an erect mane. An adult male is around 1.6 metres (5') tall at the shoulder (females are 20 centimetres (8") shorter) and can weigh up to 942 kg (2,077 lb) with an average of 500–600 kg (1,100–1,300 lb), 340–445 kg (750–981 lb) for females). If you're hunting black wildebeest in the bushveld, opt for a larger caliber, such as a 9.3mm or even a .375. Herds of nonterritorial bachelor males roam at will and do not seem to have any restrictions on where they wander. In 1914, two separate races of the wildebeest were introduced, namely Gorgon a. albojubatus ("Athi white-bearded wildebeest") and G. a. mearnsi ("Loita white-bearded wildebeest"). in Hwange and Etosha National Parks to 35/km2 in Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Serengeti National Park. The name Connochaetes was given by German zoologist Hinrich Lichtenstein in 1812. The reedbuck lives in eastern Africa Mozambique, Botswana, Somalia and part of Tanzania. taurinus). In your experience, what is tha average dressed carcas weight (skinned, head and hooves off, intestines out) for the following animals: 1. It is considered the most sexually dimorphic antelope. The estimated price for wildebeest meat was about US$0.47 per 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) around 2008. [62], This article is about the animal. The Black Wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) is a large African ungulate featured in the Standard Edition of Planet Zoo. Fawns are born in spring around 30 cm (12 in) and weigh around 4.5 kg (9.9 lb). Wildebeest is Dutch for "wild beast" or "wild cattle" in Afrikaans (bees "cattle"), while Connochaetes derives from the Greek words κόννος, kónnos, "beard",[8] and χαίτη, khaítē, "flowing hair", "mane". [46][47] The primary defensive tactic is herding, where the young animals are protected by the older, larger ones, while the herd runs as a group. Males stand about 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). Now, more than 18,000 individuals are believed to remain, 7,000 of which are in Namibia, outside their natural range, and where it is farmed. [18] Males reach approximately 75–92 centimetres (30–36 in) at the shoulder, while females are 70–85 centimetres (28–33 in) tall. Shoulder height is four feet. Population in the Wild: 18,000 The black wildebeest (or Connochaetes gnou) is a large ungulate species native to Southern Africa, also known as the 'gnu' after the distinctive noise they make when alarmed. Males are larger than females and both have heavy forequarters compared to their hindquarters. [32], Not all wildebeest are migratory. The horns, strongly ridged and divergent, are circular in section and hollow at the base. The mean live weight (kg), carcass weight (kg) and dressing percentages (%) of the different sample groups are presented in Table 2.The mean live weight and mean carcass weight for all impala (n = 28) was 44.3 and 28.4 kg, respectively.Kudu (n = 35) mean live weight and carcass weight was 156.9 and 92.0 kg, respectively – three to four times heavier than impala. In one of the more striking examples of the consequences of fence-building on terrestrial migrations, Botswanan authorities placed thousands of kilometres of fences across the Kalahari that prevented wildebeests from reaching watering holes and grazing grounds, resulting in the deaths of tens of thousands of individuals, reducing the wildebeest population to less than 10% of its previous size. Live, carcass, leg and muscle weight (kg) as well as dressing percentage were compared between South African Black (Struthio camelus var. [52], Wildebeest do not form permanent pair bonds and during the mating season, or rut, the males establish temporary territories and try to attract females into them. They store the carcass in a tree or rocky outcropping to protect their food supply from other predators. [41], Each year, some East African populations of blue wildebeest have a long-distance migration, seemingly timed to coincide with the annual pattern of rainfall and grass growth. The head tends to be darker in colour than the rest of the body, and exhibits a small white chevron which runs between the eyes. The male stands up to 110 cm (43 in), the female is up to 90 cm (3.0 ft) tall. [35] In the past, it inhabited the highveld temperate grasslands during the dry winter season and the arid Karoo region during the rains. (118 to 270 kilograms) and are about 4 feet (123 centimeters) in length, according to the University of Michigan's Animal Diversity Web (ADW). They are economically important for human beings, as they are a major tourist attraction. The life expectancy of a red hartebeest is around 19 years. [14][24], The two species of the wildebeest are known to hybridise. Twenty-six black wildebeest were harvested at Maria Moroka Nature Reserve, in the Free State Province, South Africa, during winter, spring and autumn. [36], The blue wildebeest is native to eastern and southern Africa. The males defend these territories from other males while competing for females that are coming into oestrus. Black wildebeests were first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. The most obvious way of telling the two species apart are the differences in their colouring and in the way their horns are oriented.[7]. This broad-shouldered antelope has a muscular, front-heavy appearance, with a distinctive robust muzzle. [15] Finally, two distinct types of wildebeest – the blue and black wildebeest – were identified. Where the black and blue wildebeest share a common range, the two can hybridise, and this is regarded as a potential threat to the black wildebeest. [11] Others contend the name and its pronunciation in English go back to the word !nu: used for the black wildebeest by the San people. The median lump of males is less developed. Live Weight: 200kg Carcass Weight: 95-100kg Bone: 20-25kg Usable Meat: 80kg: Bush Pig: Male. Males are slightly larger and darker in coloration than females and can weigh upwards 600 pounds and stand 4-5 feet tall. If you're unsure, speak to your professional hunter. Female. [13], According to a mitochondrial DNA analysis, the black wildebeest are estimated to have diverged from the main lineage during the Middle Pleistocene and became a distinct species around a million years ago. [55], Groups of wildebeest females and young live in the small areas established by the male. [48] In the Serengeti ecosystem, Tanzania, wildebeest may help facilitate the migration of other, smaller-bodied grazers, such as Thomson's gazelles (Eudorcas thomsonii), which eat the new-growth grasses stimulated by wildebeest foraging. They store the carcass in a tree or rocky outcropping to protect their food supply from other predators. In the Llama Llama picture-book series by Anna Dewdney, an anthropomorphised wildebeest named Nelly Gnu is the main character, Llama Llama's best friend, and is also featured in a title of her own, Nelly Gnu and Daddy Too. BWB Cow/ Bull 3. Looking at the 2015 hunting prices its better to shoot a larger animal,... more bang for buck! The alarm calls were a response of the baboons to lions, and the contest calls were recorded when a dispute between two males occurred. Cooks preparing the wildebeest carcass usually cut it into 11 pieces. The impala is a medium-sized, slender antelope similar to the kob or Grant’s gazelle in build. Males grow slender, lyre-shaped horns 45–92 centimetres (18–36 in) long. The nyala is a spiral-horned and middle-sized antelope, between a bushbuck and a kudu. The front end of their body is heavily built, while the hindquarters are slender with spindly legs. The males weigh more than the females. However, as a result of widespread hunting, the black wildebeest no longer occupies its historical range or makes migrations, and is now largely limited to game farms and protected reserves. Phosphorus is a crucial element for all life forms, particularly for lactating female bovids. While having the appearance of a frenzy, recent research has shown a herd of wildebeest possesses what is known as a "swarm intelligence", whereby the animals systematically explore and overcome the obstacle as one. Blue Wildebeest facts – The blue wildebeests is one of the famous wild animals in both the Serengeti national park of Tanzania and in Maasai Mara national park of Kenya which is one of the main attractions which bring in a lot of people all over the world and it is so amazing during the wildebeest migration event in the above parks. Black backed jackal eating dead wildebeest carcass in kgalakgadi; Group of banded mongoose eating from the carcass of a dead wildebeest in the Masai Mara in Kenya, Africa; Hyena scavenges meat from a rotting wildebeest carcass on the banks of the Mara River, Kenya, at sunrise. [54] The main predator of the calves is the spotted hyena. ... Carcass weight is: less skin, less 'derms', and less hooves and head Page 1 of 4 1 2 3... Last. Origin: Africa Horn Size: 21-33 inches Weight: 570-640 pounds Estimated World Population: 1,500,000 Ox Ranch Population: 30+ The Blue Wildebeest, also known as the common wildebeest or gnu, is the larger of the two wildebeest species. [40] During the rutting season, the males may form temporary territories for a few hours or a day or so, and attempt to gather together a few females with which to mate, but soon they have to move on, often moving ahead to set up another temporary territory. It is a sexually dimorphic antelope, with the males nearly 7 percent taller than females and around 8 percent longer. [33] Its historical range included South Africa, Eswatini, and Lesotho, but in the latter two countries, it was hunted to extinction in the 19th century. [33]:52 A maximum of 31,500 are estimated to remain in the wild,[24] and around 45 are kept in zoos. Female. Their average shoulder height is 135 cm, and horns are 60 cm long. Live Weight: 55-65kg Carcass Weight: 28-33kg Bone: 5-7kg Usable Meat: 24kg. Females, at 45 to 75 kg (99 to 165 lb), are typically a bit smaller and lighter in weight than males, at 60 to 150 kg (130 to 330 lb). Connochaetes includes two species, both native to Africa: the black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (C. gnou), and the blue wildebeest or brindled gnu (C. taurinus). ... Leopards are thought to be seven times stronger than human beings and they can haul a carcass three times their weight. The blue wildebeest was first known to westerners in the northern part of South Africa a century later, in the 1800s. The male fallow deer is known as a buck, the female is a doe, and the young a fawn. The blue wildebeest lives in a wide variety of habitats, including woodlands and grasslands, while the black wildebeest tends to reside exclusively in open grassland areas. However, in larger aggregations, or small groups living near large herds, survival rates may be over 80%. A distinguishing feature is the tail, which is long and similar to that of a horse. The X chromosome is a large acrocentric and the Y chromosome a minute one. Home >> Plains Game >> Black Wildebeest: Hunting Black Wildebeest in Africa. Black Wildebeest Trophy Fee: $1,350; Males weigh 98–125 kg (216–276 lb), while females weigh 55–68 kg (121–150 lb). The average weight of Black Wildebeest ranges between 110 and 180 kg (240-400 lb) and the average head-body length is between 170 and 220 cm (67-87 inches). The minimum caliber for black wildebeest hunting in open terrain is a .270 with 150-grain bullet. The tail, 14 to 28 cm (5.5 to 11.0 in) long, ends in a short, black tuft. And even in these populations the horizontal stripe, if present at all, is broken up into a series of spots. This is one of the largest species of antelope. Commonly known as the red hartebeest, it is the most colorful hartbeest, with black markings contrasting against its white abdomen and behind. 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